Azerbaijan has recently introduced a certification system. It is administrated by the Ministry of Communications. New national standards are in the process of being compiled. At present no foreign lab is allowed to carry out compliance testing for Azerbaijan approvals, and no foreign company is allowed to issue certification. Foreign companies may directly apply for certification. The local representative is not required for license holding of Azerbaijan certification. The MOC requires two forms to be completed by the applicant, one is for the technical compliance, the other one is for safety and ecological declaration.
Belarus has formal and technically difficult approvals system. Products may be granted approval on a batch basis, which requires a local representative, or on the basis of serial production, which requires a factory inspection. There are requirements for EMC, Safety, and telecom network compatibility. Documents should be submitted in Russian.
here are currently 60 declared electrical articles that must comply with relevant safety standards. Electrical appliances and equipment not declared may be sold without first being approved; however, any product placed on the Australia market has to be electrically safe. Most products complying with Australian standards may also be placed on the New Zealand market since Australian and New Zealand standards are harmonized. AS/NZS 3260:1993 will be superseded by AS/NZS 60950: 2000. This standard was first published on 5 June 2000; in the AS/NZS 60950: 2000 “PREFACE” it is stated that this standard will supersede AS/NZS 3260: 1993 three years from publication. When an approval is due for renewal, a notification letter will be sent from some Australian certification bodies, asking if the firm in question intends to renew or to allow the approval to lapse. Some other certification bodies consider it the responsibility of the certificate holder to ascertain the validity of certificates they hold, as the expiry date is clearly identified on the certificate. If it is the client’s intention to renew an approval, the approval file is reviewed to see if there has been any significant changes to the relevant standards since the product was last tested. If there have been significant changes made to the standard, then the product has to be re-tested to be brought in line with these changes. It is recommended that a CB test report based on IEC 60950: 1999 be submitted, as long as it also includes the Australian deviations according to AS/NZS 60950 : 2000. ELECOM APPROVALS Manufacturers are required to test in an approved test lab to the relevant Austel or ACA requirements. Once testing is completed a compliance file must be prepared and this must contain the complete technical information and evidence of compliance. It is required that there is a local representative holding the compliance file. This organization or person must be registered with ACA and have a supplier code number. The supplier code number must appear on the product and will be used by ACA to trace back to the compliance file from any market surveillance activity.
PRODUCT SAFETY AND EMC According to the requirements from Inmetro (Brazilian Accreditation Body), products which need to comply with the Brazilian mandatory certification requirements have to carry the mark of conformity. The following products are currently under Brazil Compulsory Certification Scheme. Electro medical equipment Hazardous location equipment Equipment for gas systems (pressure regulators and hoses) Electrical cords and cables Protective devices, such as circuit breakers and fuses Switches, plugs and sockets Voltage stabilizers The following documents together with ONE test sample (for Compulsory Certification Products) are required. CB test report together with CB certificates Technical information (Construction drawing, circuit diagram, PCB layout, etc) User’s manual in Portuguese Rating label in Portuguese For Products under Compulsory Certification Scheme, the initial factory inspection is required. TELECOM APPROVALS Brazil has very comprehensive standards for every type of Telecommunication approval. Compliance requires analysis of the specific characteristics of your products. Generally – most products that require certification in the US and/or Europe will fall under one or more mandatory regulations in Brazil. The regulatory authority is ANATEL. A local presence is required, and after-sale service must be provided locally. There are two major certifications involved in Brazilian approvals Certificate of Approval issued by OCD Homologation at ANTEL The application must contain all the relevant forms, company information, complete and detail technical file, test reports AND a Declaration of Conformity signed by a CREA registered engineer. All documentation should be in Portuguese language
All telecom equipment must be submitted for approval before entering Brunei market. The regulatory authority is Jabatan Telekom Brunei. A local presence is required, and must have a dealer license which takes approx 1 month to obtain. The type approval allows manufacturers to obtain an import permit. Testing can be performed to Singapore or Malaysia requirements, however there is some additional testing on the real local network.
PRODUCT SAFETY This Section is temporarily unavailable for update of information. We apologize for the inconvenience caused. RADIO TYPE APPROVALS Radio-communication or other intentional radiators require compliance to applicable Industry Canada Spectrum Management requirements to market the products in Canada but not required for Safety certification. Compliance is typically done by testing through an accredited laboratory and obtaining certification through Spectrum Engineering. TELECOM APPROVALS Telecom approval for Canada is relatively straight-forward. Testing and compliance should be in accordance with technical standard CS-03. The requirements are well harmonized with FCC part-68, and in many instances it is possible to use FCC reports to obtain approval. Approval labels must be purchased from Industry Canada and can only be shipped to addresses in North America With the pending changes in USA it is expected that Canada will move quite quickly towards a more deregulated system based on self-certification
PRODUCT SAFETY The certification of electrical products in Chile is regulated by the Supreme Decree No. 399, published in Diario Oficial dated 23.05.86 and modified by D.S.No. 152/88, both from the Ministry of Economy, Fomentation and Reconstruction, which is controlled by the Superintendence of Electricity and Combustion (SEC). Currently 5 different product categories are mandatory in the Chilean market: Households Conductors Low Tension Materials for normal ambient Calibration Instruments Luminaries Testing and certification has to be done in Chile by an accredited and recognized testing laboratory. Testing is based on national standards which are basically carry out by protocols established for each product based upon IEC standards. The product imported into Chile has to be labeled with the certificate number as well as the identification number of the issuing Certification Body. The following documents together with minimum one test sample is required: CB test reports together with the CB certificate Technical information (Construction drawing, circuit diagrams, PCB layout, etc) User’s manual in Spanish Rating label in Spanish including the certificate number and the identification number of the Certification Body. Products imported into Chile may be imported by “lot by lot” inspection or regular factory inspection by the certification body themselves. TELECOM APPROVALS Approvals in Chile are relatively ordinary. Local testing is required, as is a local approval holder. Documents must be in Spanish. Presently there are no labeling requirements. The product is tested at CENET who submit the report and documentation about the product to SUBTEL. SUBTEL review this and if all OK the local representative has to publish details of the approval in the gazette. NOTE: Regulatory conditions in Chile continue to change. Please contact EMT for current Product Safety and Telecom requirements.
China Compulsory Certification (CCC Mark) From May 1, 2002, China implemented CCC Mark for one year transition period. After April 30, 2003, CCC will be fully enforced. Ministry of Information Industry Network Access License It is necessary to ensure that telecommunications and radio products operate correctly when connected to the national infrastructure and do not constitute a risk to the safe and proper operation of the networks to which they are connected. Radio Type Approval In China the approval of radio products is mandatory. The Chinese radio approval scheme is called “Type approval of Radio Transmission Equipment”. Security Product’s Sales Permit Import of Information Security Products into China have been under extremely tight control by Chinese government. Recently the Ministry of Public Security of China announced the following 11 types of products may be allowed to be imported into China with the grant of Information Security Products Sales Permit.
PRODUCT SAFETY AND EMC Approval is based on either testing in independent laboratory. This together with supporting documents – EMC & Safety reports, complete technical data, should be submitted to the Ministry. The Ministry will also require evidence of parts and service supply to Croatia. ZIA Mark (Safety mark) has to be placed on the product. The following documents are required. CB certificate with test report. EMC test reports containing data on both emissions and immunity. Additional Documentation Circuit diagrams Design Layout Specifications Factory inspection report User’s instructions/manual in Croatian Rating label Safety warning in Croatian language Photographs Identity Declaration TELECOM APPROVALS Approval is based on either testing in independent laboratory, such as EMT Labs, or documentary evidence of EU approval. This together with supporting documents – EMC & Safety reports, complete technical data, should be submitted to the Ministry. The Ministry will also require evidence of parts and service supply to Croatia.
- Czech Republic
PRODUCT SAFETY AND EMC EZU Mark Certification The Czech Republic is the first Eastern European country to accept CE-marked products as complying with national requirements without any additional test or approval certification from October 1st, 1997. On the other hand the Czech standards are harmonized to the European standards. EZU approval is non-mandatory. The following documents are required. CB certificate with test report. EMC test reports containing data on both emissions and immunity. Additional Documentation Circuit diagrams Design Layout Specifications Factory inspection report User’s instructions/manual in Croatian Rating label Safety warning in Croatian language Photographs Identity Declaration TELECOM APPROVALS Documentation is required in three specific areas: Approval is based on regulatory testing at Testcom to TBR21 plus the Czech ATAAB notes. The relevant authority is Czech Telecom Office. It is expected that the Czech Republic will deregulate and adopt R&TTE directive during 2001. There are also new MRAs effective 31 Jan 2001 which may help to simplify the process.
PRODUCT SAFETY AND EMC We coordinate the testing and prepare the documentation necessary to meet all requirements appropriate for your product to get certification of compliance to Danish safety standards to products. RADIOCOM AND TELECOM APPROVALS Denmark is a full member of the European Union.
- European Union
European Union published EU Directives as regulatory compliance requirements across EU Countries. An EU Directive is not in itself a law, but is a Directive to the governments of EU members to prepare laws implementing the Directive. Products must be CE-Marked in Compliance with applicable EU Directive(s). EMT LABS provides the following services to CE Compliance with: Product Safety (Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC) Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC Directive 89/336/EEC, amended by 92/31/EEC, 93/97/EEC and 93/68/EEC) Radio and Telecom Terminal Equipment (R&TTE Directive 95/5/EEC) Routes to CE Compliance CE Marking Maintaining Compliance PRODUCT SAFETY The EU Product Safety Regulation was enforced on Oct 3rd, 1994. These regulations implement a European Council Directive (92/59/EEC) which was made in 1992. The regulations require: That any product supplied to a consumer in the course of a commercial activity, must be safe. Asupplier should provide consumers with relevant information regarding the risks inherent in any product, where such risks are not immediately obvious without adequate warnings. A supplier should take steps to be aware of the risks associated with the use of supplied products ‘Product’ means any product intended for consumers, or likely to be used by consumers, supplied whether for consideration (i.e. payment) or not and in the course of a commercial activity. It applies whether the product is new, used or reconditioned. ‘Safe’ means any product which under normal or foreseeable conditions of use, including duration, does not present any risk or only the minimum risks compatible with the product’s use, considered as acceptable and consistent with a high level of protection for the safety and health of persons, taking into account in particular: The characteristics of the product, including its composition, packaging, instructions for assembly and maintenance; The effect on other products, where it is reasonably foreseeable that it will be used with other products; The presentation of the product, the labeling, any instructions for its use and disposal and any other indication or information provided by the producer; The categories of consumers at serious risk when using the product, in particular children, and the fact that higher levels of safety may be obtained or other products presenting a lesser degree of risk may be available shall not of itself cause the product to be considered other than a safe product. The Low Voltage Directive (LVD) 73/23/EEC is one a series of measures introduced under article 100a of the Treaty of Rome. The effect of the directive has been to introduce identical requirements for the safety of electrical products in every country within the European Economic Area (EEA). The LV-Directive applies to all apparatus operating on any AC supply between 50 and 1000 volts or DC supply between 75 and 1000 volts. However, even in the case of equipment which falls outside this scope, there are good reasons to take a similar approach to that required under the Directive when designing and manufacturing electrical apparatus. EMC For the majority of electrical and electronic products, EMC requirements in the European Union are covered by the EMC Directive, 89/336/EEC, amended by 92/31/EEC, 93/97/EEC and 93/68/EEC. Certain product types have EMC requirements which are covered by other EU Directives. These are: Motor vehicles – covered by the Automotive EMC Directive, 95/54/EEC Active implantable medical devices – covered by the Active Implantable Medical Device Directive, 90/385/EEC. Medical devices – covered by the Medical Devices Directive, 93/42/EEC In vitro diagnostic medical devices – covered by the In-vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive, 98/79/EEC Marine equipment, covered by the Marine Equipment Directive, 96/98/EEC Equipment for use in aircraft in flight, covered by Council Regulation No 3922/91. The EMC Directive covers electrical appliances, systems and installations. The Directive covers both emissions and immunity. However, products covered by other directives noted above have EMC requirements which are covered by the provisions in those specific directives. The subject of the scope of the EMC Directive with relation to: components finished products systems installations Products considered electromagnetically passive are excluded from the scope of the directive. Examples are: cable and cabling systems equipment containing only resistive loads without any automatic switching device batteries and accumulators Certain other equipment is also considered exempt, for example: fuses circuit breakers without electronic parts, or other parts which are electromagnetically active manual switches, without parts which are electromagnetically active filament lamps quartz wrist watches, without additional functions In addition, radio equipment used by radio amateurs is specifically excluded, unless the equipment is commercially available. RADIO AND TELECOM TERMINAL EQUIPMENT Radio and Telecom Terminal Equipment is regulated under R&TTE Directive 99/5/EC. Manufacturers, suppliers and importers of such equipment must apply one of the conformity assessment procedures of the Directive before CE marking the equipment and placing it on the market of the European Economic Area (EEA). This Directive entered into force on 8 April 2000. After this date no new approvals under previous national or European laws could be issued. There was a transition period from 8th April 2000 to 7th April 2001 under which apparatus approved under previous national or European legislation could continue to be be supplied. However, from 8th April 2001 all apparatus within the scope of this Directive must comply with its provisions before being placed on the EEA market. The scope of the R&TTE Directive relates to the equipment and components which fit within the definitions of radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment given in the directive. The directive also applies to radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment, which is intended to be used within the scope of other Directives, eg, Medical Devices Directive 93/42/EEC without prejudice to Directive 93/42/EEC; Medical Devices Directive 90/385/EEC without prejudice to Directive 90/385/EEC; Vehicle Directive 72/245/EEC without prejudice to Directive 72/245/EEC; and Vehicle Directive 92/61/EEC without prejudice to Directive 92/61/EEC. The R&TTE Directive does not apply to: Radio equipment used by radio amateurs unless the equipment is available commercially. Kits of components to be assembled by radio amateurs and commercial equipment modified by and for the use of radio amateurs are not regarded as commercially available equipment. Marine equipment falling within the scope of Council Directive 96/98/EC. Cable and wiring. Receive only radio equipment intended solely for the reception of sound and TV broadcasting services. Civil aviation products, appliances and components. Air traffic management equipment and systems. Apparatus exclusively used for activities concerning public security, defence, State security (including the economic well-being of the State in the case of activities pertaining to State security matters) and the activities of the State in the area of criminal law. Equipment within the scope of the regulations includes cellular radio equipment, eg. GSM, GPRS, EDGE, 3G, CDMA, TETRA, NMT terminals and base stations, modems, ISDN terminal adaptors, telephones, BluetoothTM equipment, commercially available amateur radio transceivers and receivers, Private Mobile Radio (PMR), Short Range Devices (SRD), satellite equipment and radar transceivers. ROUTES TO CE COMPLIANCE The Standards Route Products are assumed to comply with the requirements of the EU Directive(s), if they can be shown to comply with the appropriate Harmonized Standard, as published in the Official Journal of the European Union. If there is a product specific harmonized standard, then this standard must be used, otherwise the appropriate generic harmonized standard can be used. The manufacturer must build a technical file showing how the product complies with the appropriate Harmonized Standard. Most frequently, this will include a test report from a third party test house. Nevertheless, compliance may be justified on the basis of the manufacturer’s own measurements, or even based purely on engineering arguments, without any test results. It is clear, though that the manufacturer’s own data or engineering arguments would come under much greater scrutiny than a third party test report, in the case where the European authorities have reason to examine a manufacturer’s claim to compliance. The Technical Construction File (TCF) Route The manufacturer may choose to build a Technical Construction File and present it to a Competent Body for assessment. If the competent body agrees that the TCF proves compliance with the Directive, it will issue a certificate certifying this. Reasons for using the TCF route include: – There are no Harmonized Standards for the product – Full Testing to the Harmonized Standard in impractical due to the size or location of the product – A product range of many similar products, where testing each version would not be economical EC Type Examination Certification This is particularly applicable to the RTTE Directive which sets out a regulatory framework for radio and telecommunications terminal equipment in the European Union. Such apparatus must comply with certain essential requirements. There are no references to specific technical standards in the Directive itself. Instead, reference is made to essential requirements that are generic. All apparatus must meet health & safety and EMC requirements. These requirements are cross-referenced to directives dealing specifically with such matters (Directives 73/23/EEC and 89/336/EEC respectively). In addition, radio equipment is required to use spectrum efficiently and to avoid harmful interference. Exceptionally, additional essential requirements, usually referred to as “Article 3.3” requirements, that relate to interworking, network harm, privacy, avoidance of fraud, access to emergency services and/or users with a disability may be imposed. Since there are no references to specific standards, manufacturers have choice and responsibility in which technical standards to apply. Where the relevant parts of harmonized standards are used, then compliance with the essential requirements can be safely assumed. The absence of harmonized standards does not mean that compliance with essential requirements cannot be demonstrated. Manufacturers may use any appropriate standards but there is not the guaranteed presumption of conformity that comes with the use of harmonized standards. For that reason, manufacturers may choose to or be obliged to involve a notified body (or other third party) in the assessment of conformity. The Notified Body will issue an EC type examination certificate based on the evaluation. CE Marking By CE Marking the product and/or the packaging, the manufacturer declares that the product complies with all applicable EU Directives. For some products, the EMC Directive may be the only applicable directive, but for the majority of electrical and electronic products, other directives, usually related to safety, will be applicable, e.g. the Low Voltage Directive, the Machinery Directive, the RTTE Directive, etc. In addition to the CE Marking, the manufacturer must prepare and sign a Declaration of Conformity. A copy of the DoC must be included with each item of the product shipped. Many manufacturers include the DoC in the User Manual. It is also recommended to include a copy of the DoC in shipping documents. Maintaining Conformity The manufacturer should take steps to ensure that his production remains compliant with the Directive. These steps may include: • Basic quality procedures that ensure consistent production of the product • Review of the effect on compliance of changes in design or of the applicable standards • Periodic retesting (at least on a comparison basis) • These measures must be documented, so that the manufacturer can prove to the authorities, if requested, that steps are taken to ensure continued compliance.
The FIMKO FI mark is a well-known and respected impartial certification mark indicating the safety and quality of a product. The FI mark can only be used on products that have a valid FI certificate granted by FIMKO. More than 75% of Finns over 15 years of age recognize the mark and over 70% takes it in consideration when buying electrical equipment. Information about safe electrical equipment may be obtained from FIMKO’s FI register. EMT LABS provides FI-Mark Certification Services to assist our customers accessing Finland market. We coordinate the testing and prepare the documentation necessary to meet all requirements appropriate for your product to get certification of compliance to Finland safety standards to products. After receiving the FIMKO-Certificate, the manufacturer is entitled to use the FI mark. License annual fee will be charged by FIMKO to the license holder directly. The following documents are required for FI-Mark Certification. CB-certificate together with the CB-test report Copy of the marking plate. Circuit diagrams, layout 1 set of photographs (5”X7”). User’s manual in English CE declaration Name and address of the company paying the certification and license fees Factory inspection has to be carried out annually. Test sample is only on request of FIMKO. EMC, RADIO AND TELECOM APPROVALS Finland is a full member of the European Union. EMC Directive and R&TTE Directive apply.
Although mandatory CE marking has a purpose for enforcement authorities throughout the European Union, it does not actually give German customers any information at all. However, an electrical, mechanical or electro-mechanical product bearing the GS Mark indicates that it was tested and complies with the minimum requirements of the German Device Safety Act. The GS Mark is, in fact, a licensed Mark of the German government, which may only be issued by an accredited product safety testing and certification agency. EMT LABS provides Germany GS-Mark Certification Services to assist our customers accessing German market. The following documents are required for FI-Mark Certification. CB Test Report /Certificate List of critical components (CDF Construction Data Form) Type approved license of critical components Photo documentation PCB Layout & circuit diagram of applicable and product specification User’s manual in German Generally annual factory inspection is required according to the German Product Safety Law. For particular products more strict controls may be enforced. SIEMIC coordinates the testing and prepare the documentation necessary to meet all requirements appropriate for your product to get certification of compliance to GS-Mark. EMC, RADIO AND TELECOM APPROVALS Germany is a full member of the European Union. EMC Directive and R&TTE Directive apply.
- Hong Kong
though Hong Kong is part of the People’s Republic of China, Hong Kong has its own product certification requirements. PRODUCT SAFETY AND EMC All Electrical products which are a) designed for household use; and b) supplied in Hong Kong (including those imported, manufactured locally or intended for use outside Hong Kong). Note: Supply means 1) to sell or hire out; 2) to offer, keep, or exhibit for sale or for hiring out; 3) to exchange or dispose of for any consideration; 4) to transmit, convey or deliver in pursuance of – i) a sale, ii) a hiring out, or iii) an exchange or disposal for any consideration; or 5) for commercial purposes, to give an electrical product as a prize or to make a gift of such a product. Two major types of products: Prescribed Products and Non-Prescribed Products. Prescribed Products include: plugs, adaptors, extension units, lampholders, flexible cords, unvented thermal storage type electric water heaters (updated 2001-09-25).Non-Prescribed Products: all other electrical products. Non-prescribed products must comply with the Hong Kong Essential Requirements, which are presumed to be fulfilled if the product complies with relevant IEC standards. A Certificate of Conformity, as described below, or a Declaration of Conformity (DoC) is required to show compliance. Prescribed products must comply with the Hong Kong essential requirements as well as with the particular requirements. For a Prescribed Product, the following will be accepted as a certificate of safety compliance: 1) A declaration of conformity issued by a ‘recognized manufacturer’; 2) A certificate or test report issued by a ‘recognized certification body’ (RCB) under registration of EMSD in one of the following: CB test certificates issued by National Certification Bodies participating in the CB Scheme; Endorsed certificates or test reports issued by organizations accredited by the Hong Kong Laboratory Accreditation Scheme (HOKLAS) or by the Hong Kong Accreditation Service (HKAS); Endorsed certificates or test reports issued by organizations that have been accredited by those bodies which have mutual recognition agreements with HOKLAS or HKAS. For a Non-Prescribed Product, in addition to the two types of documents stated above, a declaration of conformity (DOC) issued by the product manufacturer will also be accepted as a certificate of safety compliance. EMT LABS coordinates the testing and prepare the documentation necessary to meet all requirements appropriate for your product to get certification of compliance to Hong Kong product safety requirements EMC For EMC the manufacturer/buyer shall keep the test reports. The files will be requested by authorities (OFTA) only in case of complaints or if they find that the product causes interference with other products. SIEMIC provides EMC Testing Services to meet Hong Kong EMC specifications. RADIO AND TELECOM APPROVALS Approvals in Hong Kong are on a voluntary basis. However all equipment must meet the technical requirements.
PRODUCT SAFETY AND EMC Hungarian market law requires CE marking for safety but also differs in several respects from the Low Voltage Directive of the European Union. Meanwhile, EMC approval is mandatory for all products. The following documents are required for Hungary Certification. 1. CB-Report and CB-Certificate 2. EMC Test Report on both emissions and immunity. 3. Additional Documentation • Factory Inspection report • Design drawings, specifications, circuit diagrams • Heating test results • Product photographs • Rating Label • Instruction manual in Hungarian • Safety warning in Hungarian • EU Declaration of Conformity • Identity Declaration RADIO AND TELECOM APPROVALS Pending its entry into the EU Hungary has adopted a temporary and much simplified procedure for approval. Eventually it is expected that Hungary will adopt the R&TTE directive. This temporary process is based on documentary evidence and test reports, which support the declaration of Conformity by the locally based representative. Special labels are provided for the equipment at the time of importation, these are printed on foil. The approval fees are charged at time of importation at 2.5% of the net price of the products.
PRODUCT SAFETY AND EMC The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) issues the ISI Mark (Indian Standards Institution) to qualified products covering practically every industrial discipline from Agriculture to Textiles to Electronics. RADIO AND TELECOM APPROVALS Telecom approval is issued in India by the Telecommunications Engineering Centre (TEC), which is organized under the Department of Telecommunications (DoT). In-country testing to TEC standards is required for all equipment. India has a complicated, slow and bureaucratic system. The technical requirements are based on outdated methods and networks. Products and documentation must be thoroughly prepared. EMT LABS provides the most cost-effective and efficient certification services to assist our customers accessing Indian Market. EMT LABS Certification service in India is a turnkey solution that includes: • advice on compliance requirements and approval strategy • preparing complete application package • advising you on import of your test samples • engineering test support • local interfacing with agency offcials on your behalf • payment of testing and agency application fees in local currency on your behalf • post-submission follow-up with the agency to avoid unnecessary delays in issuance of certificates
PRODUCT SAFETY AND EMC Currently there is no Safety or EMC requirements in Indonesia. RADIO AND TELECOM APPROVALS Approval for telecom equipment in Indonesia is issued by the Directorate General of Posts and Telecommunications (DG PosTel). EMT LABS provides the most cost-effective and efficient certification services to assist our customers accessing Indonesia Market. EMT LABS Certification service in Indonesia is a turnkey solution that includes: • advice on compliance requirements and approval strategy • preparing complete application package • engineering test support • local interfacing with agency officials on your behalf • payment of testing and agency application fees in local currency on your behalf • post-submission follow-up with the agency to avoid unnecessary delays in issuance of certificates
PRODUCT SAFETY AND EMC RADIO AND TELECOM APPROVALS As of April 1, 2001, most electrical appliances for home and business in Japan are subject to the “Electrical Appliance and Material Safety Law” (DENAN Law), which was formerly called the “Electrical Appliance and Material Control Law” ( DENTORI Law ). The DENAN Law is the relevant product safety law for electrical appliances in Japan. Electrical appliances in Japan are divided into two categories: Non-Specified Electrical Appliances and Materials (340 items listed), where the manufacturer is solely responsible for safe manufacture in accordance with Japanese DENAN safety requirements, and therefore can affix the PSE-mark (circle shape). Specified Electrical Appliances and Materials (112 items listed), which are subject to mandatory third-party testing by an Authorized/Approved Conformity Assessment Body “ACAB”. After the issuance of a certificate of compliance (CoC), the PSE-mark can be affixed to the product. The required testing must cover safety tests in accordance with J-(IEC) standards or the traditional Japanese safety requirements of Appendix 6 to 8 of the METI Ordinance. The rated input shall cover AC 100V, 50Hz & 60Hz. For approval, the following documents must be provided: Safety testing: CB certificate + CB report (with Japanese deviations) Circuit diagram, lay-out diagrams for safety critical PCBs Specifications for separate (mains) transformer and winding components BOM/Components list Japanese user’s manual or installation manual Rating label with PSE-mark and Reporting Supplier Constructional Data Form Photo documentation showing interior and exterior of the product EMI testing: EMI test report (at 100V) shall be provided together with the accreditation of the EMC site. Factory Inspection Documentation : The required documentation for factory inspection is as listed below: For MITI/METI-registered factories Factory registration certificate Factory testing facilities list (inventory number, manufacturer’s name, type, performance, latest calibration date) Calibration procedure For Non-Registered factories Calibration procedure Responsible person of facilities calibration (ISO 17025 qualification) Current equipment list (inventory number, manufacturer’s name, type, performance) Copy of calibration master file Calibration record of all testing facilities Certificates/reports of calibration traceable to national standards A Certificate of Conformity (CoC) allowing the affixing of the PSE mark for Specified Electrical Appliances and Materials can be obtained by: Japanese manufacturers Japanese importers foreign manufacturers with an appointed Japanese importer After obtaining the CoC and affixing the PSE-mark, the “Reporting Supplier” assumes legal responsibility toward METI and can act only as a Japanese Manufacturer or Japanese importer. Foreign manufacturers cannot be a Reporting Supplier, and are obliged to supply a valid copy of the CoC to Japanese importers. A valid copy of the CoC can only be issued by an ACAB. Two samples are required for Safety/EMI testing. EMC The VCCI has established the “Regulations for Voluntary Control Measures”, applying to information technology equipment shipped to Japan. It should be noted that, as the name implies, these requirements are not mandatory regulations. However, consumers in Japan would like to see products with VCCI Mark. Products must comply with CISPR 22. Equipment intended for the domestic environment must comply with the Class B requirements, while other equipment should satisfy the Class A requirements. A test report must be obtained from a test facility which is registered with the VCCI. Manufacturers must become members of VCCI . As a member, a manufacturer must then submit a ‘Conformance Report’ to the VCCI before they ship ITE products to Japan. Class A ITE products should be labeled with the following statement: Class B ITE products should bear the following VCCI logo: RADIO AND TELECOM APPROVALS Wired terminals such as telephone, modem, facsimile, ISDN terminals and wireless terminals such as mobile telephone, radio-paging terminals are defined as telecommunication terminal equipment. If such a terminal is connected to a Type 1 telecommunications carrier’s network like NTT (Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation), the terminal must comply with technical conditions. The conditions are based on the Telecommunications Business Law and established to eliminate the disturbance of other users and interference with the public network, and to facilitate telecommunication utilization in the market. No terminals are allowed to be put on the market unless these requirements are fulfilled. Manufacturers/sellers may undergo Type 1 telecommunication carrier’s inspection to confirm a terminals conformance. However, a somewhat complicated procedure may be required. Then MPHPT (Ministry of Public Management, Home Affairs, Post and Telecommunications) implemented the Technical Conditions Certification System in April 1985 to enable convenient access and application to various terminals. Only certification bodies accredited by MPHPT can conduct certification and conformity testing for Type 1 telecommunication carriers. JATE (Japan Approvals Institute for Telecommunications Equipment) was the sole certification body until mid – 2002. Allowing competition and faster access to the market and to provide the appropriate business environment; and Horizontal and minimalist regulatory arrangements which would better deal with emerging and converging technologies; Japan has been working on the implementation of SDoC system. On November 2002, it was decided that the system will see the light and cover much of the TE and part of specified radio equipment. The SDoC system, while protecting the user as much as facilitating a faster access to the market, will reduce the time and cost to put a product on the market. If implemented, Japan will be following the EU, the US and other countries that have already applied the SDoC system. There are still, however, pending questions regarding the usability of third party testing and/certification, market surveillance and how the government can control the efficient use of radio spectrum. The actual flow of approval in Japan is as Authorities in Japan are still studying the most convenient way to allow the SDoC system to take effect beginning as early as year 2004. For Radio equipment, however, authorities are concerned about the efficient use of the spectrum and are considering the mandatory use of an accredited testing house even after the introduction of SDoC system. Once the SDoC system is implemented, it will be a big step towards a fast and easy access to the Japanese market. Manufacturers, however, need to deepen their knowledge of Japanese Radio and Telecommunication Law, as they will be solely responsible for any deviation from the Law. EMT LABS provides the most cost-effective and efficient certification services to assist our customers accessing Japanese Market. Our support service in Japan is a turnkey solution that includes: advice on compliance requirements and approval strategy preparing complete application packages in Japanese to the regulatory agencies’ extremely detailed and specific formats required face-to-face meetings with agency officials engineering test support where required payment of application fees in local currency on behalf of our clients follow-up with the agencies to avoid any unnecessary delays in issuance of approval certificates
PRODUCT SAFETY The regulations for Korea Safety Mark are based on the Korean Safety Law. This law changed on July 1st, 2000. There are our major changes as per revised Korea Safety Law: The Korean Safety Law divides electrical products into two categories: Products, which have to get the mandatory EK-mark and products, which can get the voluntary K-mark. The Korean electrical safety standards have been harmonized based on the IEC-standards. Only a factory can be license holder. Safety standards for Korean EK mark approval are basically equivalent to IEC standards except for some national differences. Major national differences are power supply (220V, 60Hz) and the type of plug. Only plug type of C1b, C2b, C3b, C4 and C6 classified in IEC 60083 are acceptable and all have pin diameter 4.8mm. Examples of Korean safety standards are as follows; K60065(IEC 60065), K60950(IEC 60950), K 60335-1(IEC 60335-1), K 60127(IEC 60127), K61058(IEC 61058), etc. Korea as a member body of IECEE CB scheme accepts CB certificate with CB report and in some cases additional testing can be required to cover national differences. It is very helpful to prepare CB certificate to shorten the lead-time. Critical components which are on the primary circuit like plug, power cord, connector, switch, fuse, X capacitor, etc and insulation materials are controlled under EK approval system. This means list of critical components is attached to EK certificate and whenever there is any change of listed components it has to be additionally approved. Critical components tested according to IEC/EN standards and approved by internationally recognized certification bodies are accepted without any further testing. The following documents are required for EK-Mark Certification: CB Test Report and CB certificate together with national Korean deviations will be accepted. Additional Documentation Application form Questionnaire Korean rating label Technical specification of the equipment in English Construction drawing / block diagram / circuit diagram / PCB layout / parts’ list Photos of the product User’s manual in Korean The initial factory inspection is carried out. The interval between the following annual factory inspections is determined on the basis of on the Korean Safety Law for the Korean Safety Mark, and will generally be once a year. EMC CERTIFICATION In accordance with the regulations of the South Korean Ministry of Information and Communication, the following products are covered by the requirements for EMC certification: High Frequency equipment for industrial, scientific and medical use Automobiles and equipment powered by spark ignition engines Radio receiver equipment Domestic electrical appliances and electrical power tools Fluorescent lighting equipment High voltage equipment and accessories Information technology equipment Any other equipment specified by the Information Communications Division Manager Products must comply with the appropriate South Korean standards, which are based on, but not necessarily identical to, the appropriate CISPR standard. The following material must be submitted to an accredited South Korean test laboratory or a non-Korean laboratory which has been accredited by the Korean authorities: product sample User Manual Details of the construction, specifications, major manufacturing methods and circuitry, illustrated by photographs. Once approval is achieved all imported products, which are subject to the regulations, must bear an approval label, giving the registration number of the approval.
The regulatory body in Malaysia is CMC (Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission), they have delegated responsibility to SIRIM. Recently the need to appoint a distributor has been removed however a local person is required to deliver samples to SIRIM in person. Mandatory labels must be purchased from SIRIM. EMT LABS provides the most cost-effective and efficient certification services to assist our customers accessing Malaysian Market. Our support service in Malaysia is a turnkey solution that includes: advice on compliance requirements and approval strategy preparing complete application packages to the regulatory agencies’ extremely detailed and specific formats required face-to-face meetings with agency officials engineering test support where required payment of application fees in local currency on behalf of our clients follow-up with the agencies to avoid any unnecessary delays in issuance of approval certificates
PRODUCT SAFETY Mexico Combines Product Safety Certification with Import Regulations. The product certification in Mexico is the NOM Certification. NOM Certificates are not transferable. Certificates have a one year validationand must be renewed annually. Mexico does NOT recognize any other Safety Approval. Only NOM Certificate Holders may import products requiring Product Safety Approval (NOM Certification). It is customary for Significant Distributors to require NOM Certificates be issue in their name. The approval mark of NOM ANCE or NOM NYCE has to be shown on the product once it has been certified. Certification: NOM NYCE ( for any electronic and IT product, Households are not included, except for microwave oven. Also includes all equipment for data processing) Certification: NOM ANCE ( for any electric and similar product (households) ) The following documents are required for NOM Certification: Name and address of the importer or distributor in Mexico. Test data, design drawings, specifications, circuit diagrams. Original rating label in Spanish Original user’s manual in Spanish (or electronic file) Additional documentation should be provided by the distributor or importer: Copy of the company’s Constitutive Act Copy of tax payer ID Power of Attorney Official identification of legal representatives Company letterhead paper Copy of registration with the Secretariat of Taxes Factory Inspection is not required. Depending on product, one to three test samples are required for testing. RADIO AND TELECOM APPROVALS Approval in Mexico has two possibilities. The first is to obtain temporary approval which is initially valid for 1 year (plus extension for two further years), the second is to obtain ‘definative’ approval which includes field testing. Temporary approvals may be converted to definative approvals. The representative must provide details of product stocking address, sale prices, copy of Company incorporation certificate, copy of individual’s ID card, and the confirmation that the individual is authorised to act on behalf of the Company. Users guide must be in Spanish language. Service and maintenance manual, together with block diagrams should be presented. Applications must be signed and authorised by SCT accredited telecom expert. Technical standard is NOM-EM-151-SCT1 EMT LABS provides the most cost-effective and efficient certification services to assist our customers accessing Mexico Market. Our support service in Mexico is a turnkey solution that includes: advice on compliance requirements and approval strategy preparing complete application packages in Korean to the regulatory agencies’ extremely detailed and specific formats required face-to-face meetings with agency officials engineering test support where required payment of application fees in local currency on behalf of our clients follow-up with the agencies to avoid any unnecessary delays in issuance of approval certificates
Wireless Approvals For Nepal (NTA) Nepal Telecommunications Authority: It is the telecommunications regulatory body of Nepal. It is an autonomous body established on Feb 1998 in accordance with Telecommunications Act, 1997 and Telecommunications Regulation, 1998. It’s objective is to create a favorable and competitive environment for the development, expansion and operation of telecommunications services with the private sector participation in Nepal. It’s aims are: To make the telecommunications service reliable and easily available to the public. To make necessary arrangement to avail basic telecommunications service and facilities in all rural and urban areas throughout the kingdom of Nepal. To protect the rights and interests of consumers by ensuring the provision of quality service. To make arrangement for the coordination and healthy competition among the persons providing telecommunications service and facilities. To meet the objectives, NTA has been actively performing the following functions: Granting Licenses to operate the telecommunications service in private sector. Involving national and foreign private sector investors in the operation of the Telecommunications Service. Prescribing, fixing and approving the standard and quality standard of the plant and equipment relating to the telecommunications and the telecommunications service. Approving and regularizing the fees to be collected by the licensee for providing the telecommunications Service. Regularly inspecting and monitoring the activities carried out by service providers to ensure that the quality of service and quality standard in telecom equipments have been maintained. Settling dispute between two service providers or a service provider and its customers. Providing suggestions to His Majesty’s Government on the policy, plan and program to be adopted by His Majesty’s Government for the development of the telecommunications service. Nepal Telecommunications Authority: It is the telecommunications regulatory body of Nepal. It is an autonomous body established on Feb 1998 in accordance with Telecommunications Act, 1997 and Telecommunications Regulation, 1998. It’s objective is to create a favorable and competitive environment for the development, expansion and operation of telecommunications services with the private sector participation in Nepal. It’s aims are: To make the telecommunications service reliable and easily available to the public. To make necessary arrangement to avail basic telecommunications service and facilities in all rural and urban areas throughout the kingdom of Nepal. To protect the rights and interests of consumers by ensuring the provision of quality service. To make arrangement for the coordination and healthy competition among the persons providing telecommunications service and facilities. To meet the objectives, NTA has been actively performing the following functions: Granting Licenses to operate the telecommunications service in private sector. Involving national and foreign private sector investors in the operation of the Telecommunications Service. Prescribing, fixing and approving the standard and quality standard of the plant and equipment relating to the telecommunications and the telecommunications service. Approving and regularizing the fees to be collected by the licensee for providing the telecommunications Service. Regularly inspecting and monitoring the activities carried out by service providers to ensure that the quality of service and quality standard in telecom equipments have been maintained. Settling dispute between two service providers or a service provider and its customers. Providing suggestions to His Majesty’s Government on the policy, plan and program to be adopted by His Majesty’s Government for the development of the telecommunications service.
PRODUCT SAFETY Nemko Group is the organization of the independent self-owned foundation. Since 1933 NEMKO of Norway has played an important role for the safety of electrical products. EMT LABS provides the cost-effective and efficient NEMKO Certification Services. We coordinate the testing and prepare the documentation necessary to meet all requirements appropriate for your product. For further information, please contact SIEMIC Certification Services. EMC, RADIO AND TELECOM APPROVALS Although Norway is not a member of the European Union, it has adopted the R&TTE directive under the EFTA arrangements.
The Philippines’ National Telecommunication Commission issues certification of telecom equipment to be connected to public network services. Mobile telephones also require type approval. Certification of some equipment types requires testing at the incumbent telecom carrier laboratories, while for other categories approval is based on review of foreign standard test reports. EMT Labs can help you complete type approval in Philippine with our one-stop support service.
PRODUCT SAFETY Poland currently has a system involving mandatory approval. If you are a manufacturer of electrical and electronic products and want to export your products to Poland, you must possess a B-certificate. As far as electrical equipment is concerned, the mandatory B mark covers product safety, EMC and hygiene issues. The main certification body in Poland is PCBC and responsible for the issue of Poland B mark. A B-mark issued for the first time is valid for three years. The certificate can then be prolonged for up to five years. When you are ready to market your product in Poland, EMT LABS can help you to coordinate testing to all corresponding standards and submit all relevant documents to PCBC. After PCBC reviews the test report and issue the certificate, you will be authorized to affix the B Marking to your product. The Polish B-Mark has to be shown on all products. The following documents together with one test sample are required for B-Mark Certification. CB Test Report with CB Certificate EMC Test Report Additional Documentation Factory Inspection report (MC 6/7 or CIG-023) Service manual (Design drawings, specifications, circuit diagrams, component list etc.) Product photographs User’s manual in Polish Application letter 2 x Agreement in English 2 x Agreement in Polish Questionnaire Authorization letter Identity Declaration Declaration of Conformity Rating label RADIO AND TELECOM APPROVALS The rule for granting a type approval certificate for telecommunications equipment is regulated by the Telecommunications Law of November 23, 1990 (Dz. U. No. 117 of 1995, poz. 564). In this Act, the telecommunications equipment intended to be connected to a telecommunications network and all radio-communication transmitters and transceivers may be installed and used only after obtaining an official approval called the “Certificate of Type Approval” issued by the Minister of Posts and Telecommunications. Application for granting a type approval certificate for equipment type submitted to the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications shall be made in Polish and should contain: name and address of the manufacturer; notary authorization issued by the manufacturer (only in the case of placing the application by the institution authorized by the manufacturer); name, type and, if necessary, commercial name of the equipment being subject of the type approval tests; applicant’s statement ensuring conformity of parameters of the equipment being subject of trade turnover with the parameters of the devices which have been subject of the type approval tests; applicant’s statement in which he obliges himself to ensure both warranty and post warranty service; applicant’s statement in which he obliges himself to make the approved equipment available (free of charge) for a body executing the inspection tests, for a period of such tests; operator’s manual in Polish; evaluation of equipment issued by an authorized testing laboratory (i.e. opinion referred to Art. 7a of the Telecommunications Law) together with a technical report of type approval tests. After examining the above documents the Minister of Posts and Telecommunications issues the decision in which a testing laboratory is specified. After performing the tests the laboratory issues a Technical Opinion and a Test Report. On the basis of positive results of the tests the Certificate of Type Approval is granted by the Minister of Posts and Telecommunications. The Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications does not recognize foreign certificates of type approval.
PRODUCT SAFETY According to the requirement from GOSSTANDARD, the Russian accreditation Body, all the products imported to Russia have to carry the mark of conformity GOST-R Approval. In addition, Hygienic approval is required for: Products that come in contact with food or water ( such as, electrical kitchen devices, electrical refrigerators ) Products that emit x-radiation (such as video monitors and television receivers) Products that generate microwave radiation ( such as, cellular phones, wireless telephones, computer components, notebooks ) Products that produce noise and/or vibration( such as copiers, printers, air conditioners ). Gost-R certificate is valid for 3 years. Hygienic certificate is valid for 1 year. GOST-R logo is required on the product. The identification code of certification body should be shown (e.g. BZ02, BE01, A?46) below the logo. The following documentation is required: A CB-Test Reports with CB certificate EMC test report has to be provided for equipment with potential EMI. Additional Documentation Additional Documentation Instruction manual in Russian language Label drawing with the certification body code under the GOST-R logo Factory ISO Certificate Copy of Ergonomics test report and certificate (depending on products) RADIO AND TELECOM APPROVALS All telecommunications equipment imported into Russia must be certified for product safety and compatibility. Certification has often been referred to as a complicated, costly and time-consuming process. The Russian Federation introduced the mandatory certification of telecommunications equipment in 1992 in response to growing imports of low quality and incompatible products. The system was designed to ensure the equipment’s interoperability with Russian interconnected telecommunications networks (ITN). Certification was also supposed to improve customer awareness of different product features and help them make informed purchasing decisions. The existing certification procedures were developed to meet the various requirements of current legislation, including the laws on telecommunications, certification of products and services, consumer rights protection, competition and restriction of monopoly activities, licensing, standardization, and measurement unity. The telecommunications standards are identified in the technical specifications for the Russian ITN developed by the Ministry of Communications (MinCom) and the State Frequency Committee, as well as in the state and industry standards (GOSTs and OSTs) of the Russian Federation. The MinCom certification process typically starts with a written application of an equipment manufacturer, reseller, and/or consumer to MinCom requesting a product certification. The Ministry reviews the application and assigns the test center. Once the center is assigned, MinCom is prohibited by law from interfering in the testing process. The equipment manufacturer can specify its preferences and request MinCom to assign the center of its choice to run the tests, and applicant’s preferences are accommodated in most cases. For Gosstandart certification, the client is free to choose any accredited test center. Once the test center has completed all appropriate product testing procedures, it submits the test data to MinCom and to the client. It keeps one copy for its records in case disagreements arise. Test centers are responsible for completeness of the submitted information and for impartiality during the process. MinCom reviews the test data and decides whether a conformity certificate may be issued. MinCom also deals with certificate extension, suspension, and reinstatement and maintains a state registrar of granted certificates.
PRODUCT SAFETY With effect from 1st April 2002, the Singapore Productivity and Standard Board (PSB) is known as the Standards, Productivity and Innovation Board or SPRING Singapore for short. SPRING stands for Standards, Productivity and Innovation for Growth. At the same time, the Singapore Consumer Protection (Safety Requirements) Registration Scheme (CPS Scheme) is changed from one based on government certification to one based on third-party Conformity Assessment Bodies (CAB) certification. PSB is the Designating Authority of CABs under the Singapore Productivity and Standards Board (Conformity Assessment) Regulations 2002. The Consumer Protection (Safety Requirements) Regulation 2002 is applicable for testing of products. Currently there are total of 45 controlled goods for CPS Certification. Safety mark has to be placed on the product. License holder has to be the local representative. The following documents are required for CPS Certification. CB Certificate with Test Report not older than 3 years Dtailed information of local representative Crcuit diagram with the rating values, ideally A3 size together with the Bill of Material (BOM). English user manual Rting label in original or clear photo in colour. Photo documentation in colour showing exterior and interior RADIO AND TELECOM APPROVALS Under the Telecommunication (Dealers) Regulations, no dealer shall sell (a) any type of telecommunication terminal equipment or (b) any type of radio-communication equipment to be used in Singapore, unless the type of equipment has been approved by the Authority to be sold. Exempted from approval are those telecommunication equipment authorized under the Equipment Registration Scheme or other equipment set out in the First Schedule of the Regulations (see other requirements under the General Approval Scheme). Three schemes are implemented by the Info-Communications Development Authority of Singapore (IDA) for the approval of telecommunication equipment for sale: General Approval (GAP) Scheme (contact EMT LABS for the complete product list); Equipment Registration (ER) Scheme (contact EMT LABS for the complete product list) Type Approval (TA) Scheme (contact EMT LABS for the complete product list) listed in Annex 1A Except for the category of Single-Line Equipment which comes under the GAP Scheme, all telecommunication (line and radicommunication) equipment must be type approved by or registered with IDA before it can be sold for connection to the public telecommunication network or for use in radiocommunication. The list of Technical Regulations is updated from time to time. Contact EMT LABS for the he current list of Technical Regulations (Type Approval Specifications) for Line Terminal Equipment, Radio-communication Equipment and EMC.
PRODUCT SAFETY AND EMC EVPU (Electrotechnický Výskumný a projektový ústav, a.s.), a recognized Certification Body in Slovakia issues the Certificates based on the documentation provided by EMT LABS. To access Slovakia market, EVPU approval is mandatory. Safety mark has to be placed on the product. EVPU certificate is valid for two years. The following documents are required for EVPU Certification: CB Report and CB Certificate Test reports containing data on both emissions and immunity. Additional Documentation Circuit diagrams Design Layout Specifications Factory Inspection report User’s instructions/manual in Slovakian Rating label Safety warning in Slovakian language Photographs ISO 9000 certificate of the company Identity declaration EMT LABS provides customers with cost-effective and efficient EVPU Certification. RADIO AND TELECOM APPROVALS The key legislative and regulatory measure for radio and telecom approval in Slovakia is the Telecommunications Law Slovakia (Law No. 110/1964 Coll.) adopted on July 1, 1964 and amended respectively in 1992, 1993 and 1995. The testing, type approval and certification of equipment for radio and telecommunications are under the administration of the Post and Telecommunications Research Institute of the Ministry of Transport, Posts and Telecommunications. Before 1 January 2000, all domestic and imported goods were subject to compulsory certification. The list of regulated products used to be published in the Bulletin of the Slovak Institute for Normalization, Metrology and Testing. Exporters of EU goods to Slovakia would object the fact that certain goods, which were not regulated products in the EU, were subject to compulsory certification in Slovakia. This concerned mainly foodstuffs, cosmetics, covering material, textiles and shoes. According to law No. 264/99, valid as from 1 January 2000, the basic principle for traders is a judgment stating whether their product or imported goods is considered a regulated product or not. Regulated products cannot be offered on the market in the Slovak Republic unless compliance with the appropriate legal requirements is assessed. The description of the goods defined as regulated products can be found in the Slovak Government enactments as well as in the attachments to the different government enactments concerning regulated products. The total number of government regulations is to reach 24. These are being elaborated progressively and will be published by the end of the year 2002. At the beginning of year 2002 Slovenia and Slovakia transposed the R&TTE Directive (1999/05/EC) into their national laws. However, this transposition only applies to some type of equipment such as WLAN and Bluetooth products. The main difference with respect to the EU countries is that the TCF holder should be located in the country and should sign the Declaration of Conformity. Concerning the labeling, Slovenia accepts the CE marking whereas Slovakia does not. Slovakia requests a national marking (CSK).
PRODUCT SAFETY AND EMC In Slovenia, there are two certifications, i.e. “The Certificate of Conformity” and the “SIQ Mark Certification”. The Certificate of Conformity SIQ (Slovenski institut za kakovost in meroslovje) is a recognized Certification Body in Slovenia which issues the mandatory certification – the registered certificate of conformity. EMT LABS provides the service to get “The Certificate of Conformity” based on the following documents. CB Certificate and CB Test Report EMC Test Report from EMT LABS containing data on both emissions and immunity No sample is required, no factory inspection is required. The SIQ mark certification is still possible to apply on a voluntary basis. SVN was the former mandatory safety mark in Slovenia. Due to new regulation it is not existing anymore The SIQ-Mark Certification Safety mark has to be placed on the product. The following Documentation together with one test sample is required: CB Report with the Certificate EMC test report containing data on both emissions and immunity. Yearly Factory Inspection report shall be provided in CENELEC MC 6 format Additional Documentation Identity Declaration Name and address of local representative Clear photo documentation with good quality and showing details Contract for using SIQ mark to be signed by the client RADIO AND TELECOM APPROVALS At the beginning of year 2002 Slovenia and Slovakia transposed the R&TTE Directive (1999/05/EC) into their national laws. However, this transposition only applies to some type of equipment such as WLAN and Bluetooth products. The main difference with respect to the EU countries is that the TCF holder should be located in the country and should sign the Declaration of Conformity. Concerning the labeling, Slovenia accepts the CE marking.
- South Africa
PRODUCT SAFETY AND EMC SABS is acting on behalf of the South African government to ensure that legal requirement are met. As far as imported goods are concerned, the Department of Customs and Excise insists on either an SABS safety Inspectorate letter of clearance, which is called Compulsory Safety Scheme or a SABS Safety Mark Scheme on the product in South Africa EMT LABS is in a position to undertake project handling for South African Approvals via SABS. Compulsory Safety Certification Scheme Under this scheme, no safety mark is required to be placed on the product. The importer has to register with the SABS’s Safety Inspectorate and pay a levy of ZAR (South-African Rand) 0,08 per unit imported to fund the operations of the Inspectorate. The following documents are required: CB Test Report and CB Certificate EMT LABS EMI/EMC Test Report containing data on both emissions and immunity User Manual Safety Warning and Rating Label No factory inspection is required for South Africa Compulsory Certification Scheme through EMT LABS Certification Services. SABS Safety Mark Certification Scheme – The same documents as Compulsory Safety Certification Scheme are required for this certification scheme. However, under this scheme, Safety mark has to be placed on the product. A local representative is required in order to act on the manufacturer’s behalf. Factory inspection is also required. RADIO AND TELECOM APPROVALS No.13 of 2000. It took over the functions of two previous regulators, the South African Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (SATRA) and the Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA). The two bodies were merged into ICASA to facilitate effective and seamless regulation of telecommunications and broadcasting and to accommodate the convergence of technologies. Up until the present time telecom testing has been exclusively performed by the network operator Telkom Laboratory in South Africa. EMT LABS Certification Service in South Africa is a turnkey solution that includes: advice on compliance requirements and approval strategy coordinate compliance testing preparing complete application package advising you on import of your test samples engineering test support local interfacing with agency officials on your behalf payment of testing and agency application fees in local currency on your behalf post-submission follow-up with the agency to avoid unnecessary delays in issuance of certificates
- Sri Lanka
Srilanka Wireless Approvals Sri Lanka Telecommunications Authority: The Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of Sri Lanka (TRCSL) was established under the Sri Lanka Telecommunication (Amendment) Act No. 27 of 1996.m As the national regulatory agency for telecommunications in Sri Lanka we will promote sustained development in the telecommunication industry by shaping the regulatory process, protecting public interest and being responsive to challenges in an increasingly competitive market. TRCSL will ensure that competition in the market is open, fair and effective. Objectives of TRCSL; To ensure the provision of a reliable and efficient, national and international telecommunication services in Sri Lanka. To protect and promote the interests of consumers, purchasers and other users and the public interest with respect to charges for and the quality and variety of telecommunication services provided and apparatus supplied. To maintain and promote effective competition between persons engaged in commercial activities. To promote rapid and sustained development of domestic and international telecommunication facilities. To promote research in to and development and use of new techniques in telecommunications and related fields. (more fully described in Section 4 of the Act). Responsibilities of TRCSL Enforcement of the provisions in the Act and conditions in the licences by the licensed operators. Foster fair and sustainable competition among the licensed operators. Monitoring competition to ascertain whether operators are meeting public interests objectives. To ensure seamless interconnection between networks and services. Establishing a general framework of open entry, non-burdensome and transparent licensing.
PRODUCT SAFETY AND EMC The “Registration of Product Certification” came into effect on Jan 1st, 2000 according to the “Measures Governing Registration of Product Certification”, which was established in pursuance of Article 7(2) of the Commodity Inspection Act on July 28, 1999. Commodities, which are announced as subject to import inspection, shall not be imported into Taiwan unless they have passed inspection and have been certified. For import commodities, which are subject to inspection, importers have to apply for product registration from the “Bureau of Standards, Metrology and Inspection, Ministry of Economic Affairs” (BSMI, MOEA) through “Registration of Product Certification” or “Lot-Inspection”. The transition period of “Lot-Inspection” will be ended by end of 2002. According to the “Measures Governing Registration of Product Certification”, there are 138 electrical commodities and 103 electronic commodities announced as subject to import inspection, coming into effect on Jan 1, 2000. Both function safety and EMC testing are required as announced. For commodities, which are not subject to inspection, there is no approval requirement. Luminaries will take effect on July 1, 2001. The certification mark with Registration No. (8 digits) of “Registration of Product Certification” consists of both Safety and EMC approval. The validity of the “Certificate of the Registration of Product Certification” is 3 years. Safety Testing For political reasons, Taiwan is not recognized as a country thus not a member under CB Scheme, thus CB Certificate and CB Test Report is not acceptable in Taiwan. The safety test is based on Chinese National Standards (CNS). Some of the CNS are similar to International Standards (IEC). Type test report shall be issued or granted by the competent inspection authority (not-for-profit organization in this case) such as Electronics Testing Center. Taiwan (ETC) Industrial Technology Research Institute/Electric Research Service Organization (ERSO/ITRI) Taiwan Electric Research and Testing Center (TERTEC) Other documents include: Name, address, telephone, fax number and contact person of the Taiwanese distributor Label with desired location of Identification number (ID). (can be in English) Specification of the equipment in English Specification of key components in English EMI suppression Parts List & EMI Interference Sources Construction drawing / block diagram (drawing to shoe product’s each connected functional block with working frequency) / circuit diagram / PCB layout / parts’ list Product catalog User’s manual in Taiwan-Chinese. (includes model name and type designation, rating of product describe product’s control & operational manual from user point, a voluntary of distributor’s name/add, manufacturer’s name/add)” EMC Testing In accordance with the regulations of the BSMI (Bureau of Standards, Metrology and Inspection), the following products are covered by the requirements for EMC certification: Disposable, domestic and light industry manufactured products: General electrical appliances, electronic products (including semi-manufactured products), and office equipment and supplies. Equipment and devices for maintenance and installation: Devices for computer information network systems. General transportation facilities equipment: Including passenger transport vehicles, freight transport vehicles. Large (heavy) scale industrial products Products must comply with the appropriate Chinese National Standards, which are based on, but not necessarily identical to, the appropriate CISPR standard. Examples are: CNS 13438, based on CISPR 22 CNS 13439, based on CISPR 13 CNS 13803, based on CISPR 11 CNS 13783-1, based on CISPR 14
- United States
EMT LABS provides the following services to access US Market: Product Safety: This section is temporarily unavailable for update of information. We apologize for the inconvenience caused. ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) The body responsible for regulation of EMC emissions in the USA is the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). The specific regulations are Part 15 (Radio Frequency Devices) and Part 18 (Industrial, Scientific and Medical Equipment). All equipment liable to cause radio frequency interference is subject to the requirements of the FCC. Part 15 covers devices, including digital devices, which use radio-frequency energy and may be intentional or unintentional radiators. Certain devices are exempted, including: Digital devices used exclusively as industrial, commercial or medical test equipment Digital devices used exclusively in an appliance, e.g. dishwasher, air conditioner, etc. Digital devices having a power consumption not exceeding 6 nW Operation of an exempt device may be stopped by the FCC if the device is found to cause harmful interference. Operation may be resumed only after the condition causing the interference has been corrected. Testing to Part 15 can be either to the limits given in the text of the regulations, or according to CISPR 22, with the following points applying: The limits CISPR 22 must be used in their entirety. You cannot mix results using CISPR 22 and Part 15. Additional testing above 1GHz must be carried out for equipment with clock frequencies above 108MHz. The test procedures must be those specified in Part 15 and ANSI C63.4, not those in CISPR 22. Testing must be carried out using the same mains power supply as used in the USA, i.e. 120V, 60Hz. Subpart C of Part 15 covers intentional radiators and gives details of permitted frequency ranges and field strengths. Part 18 covers industrial, scientific and medical equipment which emits radio frequency energy. Medical diathermy and ultrasonic equipment is also included. Testing is required for conducted and radiated emissions. Note that other US authorities may have additional EMC requirements, e.g. medical equipment may require immunity testing for FDA requirements. Testing to Part 18 is to the limits given in the text of the regulations. TELECOM TERMINAL EQUIPMENT Part 68 of the FCC rules (47 C.F.R. Part 68) governs the direct connection of Terminal Equipment (TE) to the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN), and to wireline carrier-owned facilities used to provide private line services. Part 68 also contains rules concerning Hearing Aid Compatibility and Volume Control (HAC/VC) for telephones, dialing frequency for automated dialing machines, source identification for fax transmissions, and technical criteria for inside wiring. Many technical and administrative functions mandated by Part 68 have been privatized. In December 1998, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) adopted new rules to streamline its equipment authorization requirements by allowing Telecommunications Certification Bodies (TCBs) to certify equipment under Parts 2 and 68 of the Commission’s Rules. The requirements for TCBs were specified in the Commission’s Report and Order (R&O) in GEN Docket 98-68 (FCC 98-338), adopted on December 17, 1998. Under the Report and Order, TCBs are required to be accredited by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), or by a NIST recognized accreditor. The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) applied to NIST for recognition as an accreditor of TCBs. NIST has evaluated ANSI’s technical competency to carry out this accreditation function through onsite assessment and witness audits. However, the FCC retains the responsibility to enforce Part 68 rules. RADIO EQUIPMENT FCC Regulations for radio equipment are listed as below: FCC Part 11 – Emergency Alert System FCC Part 15 – Radio frequency devices FCC Part 24 – Personal Communication Device FCC Part 20 – Commercial Mobile Radio Services FCC Part 21 – Domestic Public Fixed Radio Service FCC Part 22 – Public mobile services FCC Part 23 – International Fixed Public Radiocommunication Service FCC Part 25 – Satellite Communications FCC Part 26 – General Wireless Communications Service FCC Part 27 –Wireless Communications Service FCC Part 90 – Private Land Mobile Radio Services FCC Part 95 – Personal Radio Services FCC Part 100 – Direct Broadcast Satellite Service FCC Part 101 – Fixed Microwave Services ROUTES TO FCC COMPLIANCE 1. Declaration of Conformity Class B personal computers and their peripherals, and consumer ISM equipment (e.g. microwave ovens) are authorized by the Declaration of Conformity procedure or the Certification procedure. The manufacturer must: Get the product tested at a laboratory which has been accredited by A2LA or NAVLAP for EMC testing. Prepare a technical file Mark the product and place the requirement FCC notices in the user manual Prepare and sign a Declaration of Conformity 2. Certification Certification is an alternative route for those products requiring a Declaration of Conformity. Certain other products (e.g. scanning receiver, intentional radiators) always require certification. The manufacturer must: Get the product tested at a laboratory which has been listed by the FCC Submit the test report, together with a proposed FCC ID Number to the FCC If approval is granted, mark the product with the FCC ID number and compliance statement, and place the required FCC notices in the user manual. 3. Verification For products for which Certification or Declaration of Conformity are not required, verification is the necessary procedure. The manufacturer must: Get the product tested Retain the verification records for possible review by the FCC Mark the product with a compliance statement, and place the required FCC notices in the user manual MARKINGS AND DOCUMENTATION Part 15 For a Class A digital device or peripheral, the user instructions shall include the following or similar statement, placed in a prominent location in the text of the manual: Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense. Modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment under FCC rules. For a Class B digital device or peripheral, the user instructions shall include the following or similar statement, placed in a prominent location in the text of the manual: Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help. Modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment under FCC rules. All other devices shall bear the following statement in a conspicuous location on the device: This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: This device may not cause harmful interference, and This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. Products which has been approved by the Certification process, must also have a label showing the FCC ID number. The label must contain this information in the form: FCC ID: XXXYYYYYYY where XXX is the manufacturer’s FCC grantee code and YYYYYYY is the equipment code, consisting of between 1 and 14 characters and may be a combination of capital letter, numbers and may include a dash (-). Products which have been approved by the Declaration of Conformity procedure must display a label similar to the example given here. In addition a declaration of the type shown below must be prepared, signed and kept with the product technical file.
Most common telecommunications terminal equipment (TTE), some telecommunications transport equipment, and some common types of radio equipment such as WLAN, Bluetooth and certain RFID equipment must be registered with Thailand’s National Telecommunications Commission (NTC). Registration is based on declaration of conformity to demonstrate compliance with Thailand’s national standards. Foreign standard test reports are often accepted as the basis for declarations. A local applicant is required. Thailand’s National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) requires registration of certain radio equipment it categorizes as Class A. This includes certain land mobile radio communication equipment, satellite communication equipment and some RFID equipment. NTC will accept test reports from foreign laboratories to demonstrate compliance with Thai national standards. A local applicant is required. Thailand’s National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) requires certification of certain radio equipment, which it categorizes as Class B. This includes cellular radio communication equipment, broadband wireless access equipment, amateur radio communication equipment, certain land mobile radio communication equipment, and maritime radio communication equipment. NTC will accept test reports from foreign laboratories to demonstrate compliance with Thai national standards. A local applicant is required. EMT Labs can help you complete certification in Thailand with our one-stop support; include local rep service.
The Directorate of Information and Communication Technology Quality Control (ICTQC) arm of Vietnam’s Ministry of Information and Communications issues type approval for wireline telecommunications equipment and radio equipment. ICTQC will generally accept foreign standard test reports to demonstrate compliance with Vietnam national standards. A local applicant is required. EMT Labs can help you complete ICTQC type approval in Vietnam with our one-stop support; include local rep service.